Psychological Disorders Hissah EC Abu Dhabi

Not Just in the Movies

Hollywood loves to make movies about people who suffer from mental health issues. “Split” and “Identity” both focus on characters with Dissociative Identity Disorder. “Misery” and “Silence of the Lambs” deals with sociopathic killers. “Revolutionary Road” and “American Beauty” explores depression. These dramatized movies are made for entertainment purposes, however, what people don’t realize is that these are real conditions that people struggle with every day. Having a true understanding of what mental illness is and how it effects the lives of those who suffer from it is vital for us to accept and acknowledge that mental health is just as important as physical health. To get started, let’s have a closer look at the most commonly diagnosed psychological disorders

Common Psychological Disorders

Mental disorders are grouped under vast umbrellas. These categorizations allow us to better understand these disorders and their respective treatments. Sometimes some disorders are interlinked, some may be more debilitating than others – but the truth remains that psychological disorders are crippling and need to be understood, diagnosed, and most importantly, treated.

  1. Mood Disorders: Moods are emotional states that refer to more general feelings rather than reactive emotions to certain situations. In short, moods tend to color the way we view life. Mood disorders can be emotionally crippling, preventing normal daily functioning, and making it difficult to live life to its fullest. Depression and bipolar disorder are likely the first mood disorders to come to mind, but mood disorders also come in milder variations like dysthymic disorder.

 

  1. Personality Disorders: A personality disorder is a type of mental disorder in which you have a rigid and unhealthy pattern of thinking, functioning and behaving. A person with a personality disorder has trouble perceiving and relating to situations and people. This causes significant problems and limitations in relationships, social activities, work and school (Mayo Clinic, 2016). Antisocial personality disorder, avoidant personality disorder and borderline personality disorder are among the most common personality disorders. Personality disorders are thought to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental influences. Genetic makeup may make it more likely for someone to develop a personality disorder, while certain situations or circumstances in life may trigger the development.

 

  1. Eating Disorders: According to the National Institute of Mental Health, an eating disorder is an illness that causes serious disturbances to your everyday diet. Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder are marked by extreme behaviors which can be paired with other psychological problems, including depression and anxiety, which make it extremely complex. Eating disorders can lead to various serious health complications, which if not treated on time, can be fatal.

 

  1. Addictive Disorders: Addiction is a complex condition in which there is an intense focus on using a certain substance(s), such as alcohol or drugs, to the point that it takes over your life. People with a substance use disorder have distorted thinking, behavior and body functions. Over time people with addiction build up a tolerance, meaning they need larger amounts to feel the effects. This is usually the cause of premature deaths due to overdosing. Addictive disorders tend to cause extreme disruption in work and family life as it progresses. Effective treatments are available for addictive disorders which allow people to recover and live healthy, normal lives. (American Psychiatric Association, 2017).

 

We are slowly realizing the importance of placing importance on mental health and overall psychological wellbeing. The link between having a healthy mind and being happy and physically fit is gaining greater understanding. It is vital that we start to educate ourselves and those around us about mental health and how to detect when someone needs help.

 

References:

Parekh, R. (2017). What is addiction. American Psychiatric Association. Retrieved from https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/addiction/what-is-addiction

NIMH (2016). Eating disorders. National Institute of Mental Health. Retrieved from https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/eating-disorders/index.shtml

Mayo Clinic (2016). Personality disorders. Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/personality-disorders/symptoms-causes/syc-20354463