Generally, there are 4 major types of child abuse that may co-exist and overlap. These are: physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional/psychological abuse, and child neglect. Physical abuse can be defined as any intentional use of physical force that may cause injury – this can include hitting, kicking, slapping, pinching, shaking, pushing, or striking with an object. Sexual abuse in children involves all and any sexual activity or touching, there is no exceptions as a child does not have the ability or understanding to consent to any form of sexual activity or suggestions. Emotional/Psychological abuse is defined as behaviors, speech, and actions of parents, caregivers, or other significant figures in a child’s life that have a negative mental impact on the child or even allowing children to witness any form of abuse on another person – be it child or adult. Lastly, child neglect is simply when the basic needs of a child are not met which includes failure to provide the proper supervision, clothing, shelter, nutrition, healthcare, as well as a failure to give the child the emotional, social, educational, and security needs they require.
As we have briefly touched upon the types of abuse we see that each and every type (many times there are multiple types of abuse occurring simultaneously) are horrifying and torturous for an innocent child to bear. Since a child is ill equipped to understand what is happening and why, the long-term impacts of childhood abuse tend to be a long and shadow that leaves a cloud hanging over that can mute happiness in adulthood. For adult survivors of abuse, the root of many problems and issues they face whether in their relationships, workplace, social life, or stress and anxiety levels, can be traced back to the abuse they faced as a child. Tackling those old traumas and learning to live without them having negative impacts is the ultimate goal.
At Hissah, our aim is to assist adults who have experienced childhood trauma and/or abuse in all its forms. We provide information about childhood trauma/abuse, the effects of that abuse in adulthood, as well as provide coping strategies. Participants are empowered to gain greater insight into themselves, come to terms with what they went through, examine their past and current relationships to identify and fix any negative patterns, and to embrace and equip them with positive life skills and hopeful outlooks for the future.